Topics: Financial statements, Balance sheet, Accounts receivable Pages: 7 (2281 words) Published: August 18, 2014


Transactional Documents - A company uses documents to transact business with its clients. To save time, these documents may be formatted as a form, such as an order form, transmittal page, invoice or receipt. The types of transactional documents used vary somewhat by the nature of a business. An insurance agent, for example, generates insurance applications and policies, while a lender uses loan applications and mortgage documents. In some fields, businesses enter into agreements and contracts with others; these documents might be drafted by the company’s lawyer.

Financial Documents - A business uses financial documents to stay within its budget, prepare budget proposals and file tax returns. These documents include receipt records, payroll reports, paid bills, bank statements, income statements, balance sheets and tax reporting forms. These documents may be prepared by the company’s accountant. A business owner uses these documents to determine the financial success of the company and to identify areas that are unproductive. A department head might use financial documents to prepare a budget proposal.

Letters - Business letters are used to communicate with individuals outside of the office. Recipients may include customers, colleagues in other businesses, service providers, professionals who advise the business, government officials and job applicants. A business letter is usually formatted in block style, in which all of the elements of the letter, except the letterhead, are aligned with the left margin. It can be emailed or delivered by mail. If a letter is sent in the text of an email, the sender includes his name, job title and contact information at the bottom of the email.

2. The documents meet the presentation standards by following the organizations procedures and policies for completing and presenting financial information, compile the data accurately and prepare the reports as required.

3. - Balance Sheet - A financial statement that summarizes a company's assets, liabilities and shareholders' equity at a specific point in time. These three balance sheet segments give investors an idea as to what the company owns and owes, as well as the amount invested by the shareholders .The balance sheet must follow the following formula:

Assets = Liabilities + Shareholders' Equity It's called a balance sheet because the two sides balance out. This makes sense: a company has to pay for all the things it has (assets) by either borrowing money (liabilities) or getting it from shareholders (shareholders' equity).

Each of the three segments of the balance sheet will have many accounts within it that document the value of each. Accounts such as cash, inventory and property are on the asset side of the balance sheet, while on the liability side there are accounts such as accounts payable or long-term debt. The exact accounts on a balance sheet will differ by company and by industry, as there is no one set template that accurately accommodates for the differences between different types of businesses.

The profit and loss statement is a summary of the financial performance of a business over time (monthly, quarterly or annually is most common). It reflects the past performance of the business and is the report most often used by small business owners to track how their business is performing. Both reports must comply with the accounting standards; the organization must to ensure that the process of accounting can be relied upon to provide accurate and reliable information. When a business its audited it is normal practice to physically identify business documents to ensure that the information reported in the financial statements can be accepted as a valid and that the amounts and accounts have not been invented. ATO also requires organizations to support amounts contained in statutory returns such as tax income returns and Bas .All business documents should be...
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