As is well known, the world economy is becoming more global and many aspects of people's life are changing in response to the changing world. With rapid globalization, traditional cultures are also faced with different challenges and impacts. Governments begin to consider what they should do for the various cultures. Therefore, multiculturalism appears in people's vision. Especially in large cities, there are diverse cultures from all around of the world and they usually have influences on each other. For example, larger cities in the UK, such as London, Birmingham or Manchester are often described as being multicultural. In last ten years, multiculturalism has aroused widespread concern. While some people believe that multiculturalism is appropriate for a 21st century society, others hold the opposite view that multicultural leads to various effects which are not beneficial for the society. This essay will define multiculturalism in the details and concentrate on pros and cons about effects of multiculturalism in the UK in 21st century. The essay will argue that multiculturalism is conducive for society in the UK, even though it also has some disadvantages.
Before defining the concept of multiculturalism, it is necessary to mention another culture system, American melting pot: "melting pot" means that each individual immigrant and immigrant group, regardless of Where are they come from, they will integrate into the American society with their own pace and constantly improve their standard of living and social status. "Melting pot," does not need to have a thorough understanding of American history, not need to have complex cultural traditions, or no accent. It allows that individuals are interested in their own cultures in the past and allows that there is a contact between their families. But in fact, the bonds and the cultures will disappear in two generations later, surviving only culinary culture and traditional festivals. Multiculturalism is different from the American melting pot. It is not integrated various cultures into one and do not require people to accept the values. Multiculturalism is a system of cultures and behaviours that accepts and respects all the separate groups or individuals in an organization or society. It recognizes and pays attention to the importance of their social and cultural differences. It also allows and encourages them to continue their contribution in an inclusive cultural organization or society (Rosado, 1997).
There are three main sections in this definition and they will be explained and discussed in details in this paragraph. The first is the acceptance and respect of diverse culture in given society or an organization. It is just like the physically disabled and women as a member of society should be recognized and respected. Society should safeguard the integrity, dignity, value and social worth of the individuals or groups from diverse culture. Secondly, multiculturalism should recognize that the cultural contributions and expressions of the separate groups and also their importance. This does not mean that all cultural contribution has equal social value or people should tolerate all of the cultures. There are some cultures are really more advantageous to society than others. However, every culture has its own way to prove their value. And these artistic contributions are different from the dominant group in society. They usually only create value when there is a stage for them. For instance, music for South American, native Spanish dances for tourism or Mexican cuisine. Finally, multiculturalism should also encourage and allow the various groups to make a benefit for an organization or society. For instance, women and people of colour often meet with setbacks because of their gender or skin color. However, who knows from where who is the next Albert Einstein, Bill Gates or Steve Jobs maybe an old man, a young girl, a gay, an African or a person who drop out of high...
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