OBU RAP

Topics: Financial statements, Financial ratio, Financial ratios Pages: 22 (3444 words) Published: January 12, 2014
Oxford Brookes University

RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS REPORT

THE BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OVER
A THREE YEARS PERIOD OF
LUCKY CEMENT LIMITED

Provided by :- Muhammad Hatif Sajjad Dar

ACCA Globe | Extended |
(http://www.facebook.com/groups/accaglobeextended/)
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Words:
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Contents
Page No.
1.

Project objectives and overall research approach

1.1 Topic & Organization chosen and Reason for selection
1.2 Objectives and research questions
1.3 An explanation of overall research approach
2.

3.

Information gathering and accounting / business techniques
2.1 Sources of information to obtain relevent data
2.2 Description of methods used to gather information
2.3 Limitations of gathering information
2.4 Ethical issues arose during information gathering
2.5 An explanation of accounting/or business techniques & their Limitations
Results, analysis, conclusions and recommendations
3.1 Description and presentation of results
3.2 Critical analysis and evaluation of results
3.3 Conclusion
3.4 Recommendations

Appendix A – References and Bibliography
Appendix B – Urea Market Share
Appendix C – Fertilizer Sales Volume (Thousand Metric Tons) Appendix D – Per share Earnings vs. Dividends
Appendix E – Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account
Appendix F – Ratios Sheet
Appendix G – Questionnaire and its response

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1. Project objectives and overall research approach
1.1

Topic and organization chosen and reason for selection

It was important to identify the topic in which I could apply my best capabilities. Initially every topic looked easy to me but when I went into its details, it turned into a difficult one. Therefore, I gave a deep thought in selection of the topic. Though it was hard, but I finally reached at the conclusion of trying:

“The business and financial performance of an organization over a three year period” In choosing the topic, the reasons that forced me to select this topic are; Firstly, the topic should be easily understood and its context should be clear to me. Secondly, I should have the required capabilities regarding the topic and should not be struck in between the project. Thirdly, the information should be easily accessible. Fourthly, analyzing the financial situation, performance measurement and environmental analysis is an integral part of the syllabus for the ACCA professional examinations for Paper F7 – Financial Reporting, Paper P5 – Advanced Performance Management, Paper P3 –Business Analysis and Paper P2 – Corporate Reporting. I have studied all these papers and I thought it would be a good chance to apply the concepts, which I have learned theoretically.

Then the task was to identify and choose an organization. After thinking deeply, I decided to work on “Lucky Cement Limited (LCL).”
LCL, being a public limited company with an annual turnover of about Rs. 12.5 billion in the year 2007 [Annual Report LCL (2007)] provided with an extensive infrastructure consisting of relevant, accurate, reliable and up-to-date information. Analyzing the financial situation of LCL operating in this important economic sector enabled me to grasp a better understanding of Pakistan’s economy. In addition to all above, another strong reason to choose this topic is that my father is an active investor in Lahore Stock Exchange and has a substantial portion of his portfolio comprising shares of LCL. He induced me to present him a detailed report on the company for his decision-making purposes.

1.2

Objectives and research questions

Users of accounting information are interested in a number of concepts, which include profitability, liquidity, management efficiency, risk and shareholders’ interest. [E Dunn (2001)] Research questions of this research and analysis project are: What was the financial situation of the compnay in terms of profitability in short term, medium term and long term,...

References: LCL, being a public limited company with an annual turnover of about Rs. 12.5 billion in the
year 2007 [Annual Report LCL (2007)] provided with an extensive infrastructure consisting of
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