EXPLAIN THE FUNCTION OF RESEARCH IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
Research is a systematic investigation of gathering and examining information in order to set up facts. It can also be explained as finding out about a particular topic for a particular reason. (Wps.prenhall.com, 2014). Research is used in many different settings and it is carried out to gather more accurate information about a particular topic. For example: finding out about the Ebola virus or the designer babies. The objective of this assignment is to explain the 8 functions of research in health and social care. They are Identify need, Highlight gaps, Plan provision, Inform provision and improve practice, Monitor progress, Aid reflection, Extend knowledge and understanding and finally Topics of contemporary importance. IDENTIFYING NEEDS
Identifying needs means of finding out what individuals or communities have or do not have in a society. It shows of who might need services or resources and therefore should be a priority. This involves the gathering of a demographic data and to find out a demographic data of a group of people or a community, carrying out a research project, surveys and questionnaires can be used. Demographic data consist of household facts of race, education, income, population, which also includes statistics of abuses, rapes, births, deaths, or diseases and many more. An instance can be finding out a demographic data about a new housing estate being built and in that respect is an arrival of masses from remote area who cannot talk English and also have big households. In this situation, researchers have to determine what age range they are, family size, language spoken, religion, occupation status, setting data, ethnicity, race or whether they sustain a disability. About age range for children, the demands would be school, day care, nurseries or family centre. For the family size, they could have house sized room instead of surviving in overcrowded rooms. In the language spoken, the needs would be a translator/interpreter, Braille and other language. For the religion, the needs would be a church or mosque. For the business status of the adults, the need would be a job center to obtain jobs and provide for the household. About the people with disabilities, the need would be further support such as lifts, rams and specialist. Another example can be found out the needs of people who are in the UK and are living in poverty. The demands of these people are clothing, food, shelter, job centers; house sized rooms, wellness services and many more. In health and social care setting, all health and social care workers who are involved in care planning use research principles to identify the needs of individuals. HIGHLIGHT GAPS
Research is carried out to determine if there are any groups of people in a society who are missing on the provision of wellness maintenance. If there are, Healthcare providers and professionals need to carry out a research to highlight the gaps in provision and make sure that individuals are receiving the care they are entitled to. For example a small town that has risen in population. In this situation, researchers have to research what gaps are missing in the town and then also who are missing out on available health care. The missing gaps are schools, more housing, hospitals, day centres, and other facilities. Another example, who is a health care center that's open between 8am and 5 pm and individuals that attend there are poorly and elderly. The missing gaps are the hours that must be longer, should be more GP’s, the health care center should have longer opening hours, there should be emergency services and in that location should be more family visits for the kids that cannot serve if their parent are at work or for the elderly that have difficulties in travelling to the Centre. PLAN PROVISION
Plan provision is carried out to find out what services are available for individuals who...
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