Accounting Standard (AS) 17
OBJECTIVE SCOPE DEFINITIONS IDENTIFYING REPORTABLE SEGMENTS Primary and Secondary Segment Reporting Formats Business and Geographical Segments Reportable Segments SEGMENT ACCOUNTING POLICIES DISCLOSURE Primary Reporting Format Secondary Segment Information Illustrative Segment Disclosures Other Disclosures ILLUSTRATIONS Paragraphs 1-4 5-18 19-32 19-23 24-26 27-32 33-37 38-59 39-46 47-51 52 53-59
AS 17 (issued 2000)
Accounting Standard (AS) 17 Segment Reporting
(This Accounting Standard includes paragraphs set in bold italic type and plain type, which have equal authority. Paragraphs in bold italic type indicate the main principles. This Accounting Standard should be read in the context of its objective and the General Instructions contained in part A of the Annexure to the Notification.) This Accounting Standard is not mandatory for Small and Medium Sized Companies, as defined in the Notification. Such companies are however encouraged to comply with the Standard.
The objective of this Standard is to establish principles for reporting financial information, about the different types of products and services an enterprise produces and the different geographical areas in which it operates. Such information helps users of financial statements: (a) better understand the performance of the enterprise; (b) better assess the risks and returns of the enterprise; and (c) make more informed judgements about the enterprise as a whole. Many enterprises provide groups of products and services or operate in geographical areas that are subject to differing rates of profitability, opportunities for growth, future prospects, and risks. Information about different types of products and services of an enterprise and its operations in different geographical areas - often called segment information - is relevant to assessing the risks and returns of a diversified or multi-locational enterprise but may not be determinable from the aggregated data. Therefore, reporting of segment information is widely regarded as necessary for meeting the needs of users of financial statements.
1. This Standard should be applied in presenting general purpose financial statements.
2. The requirements of this Standard are also applicable in case of consolidated financial statements. 3. An enterprise should comply with the requirements of this Standard fully and not selectively. 4. If a single financial report contains both consolidated financial statements and the separate financial statements of the parent, segment information need be presented only on the basis of the consolidated financial statements. In the context of reporting of segment information in consolidated financial statements, the references in this Standard to any financial statement items should construed to be the relevant item as appearing in the consolidated financial statements.
5. The following terms are used in this Standard with the meanings specified: 5.1 A business segment is a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in providing an individual product or service or a group of related products or services and that is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other business segments. Factors that should be considered in determining whether products or services are related include: (a) the nature of the products or services; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the type or class of customers for the products or services; (d) the methods used to distribute the products or provide the services; and (e) if applicable, the nature of the regulatory environment, for example, banking, insurance, or public utilities. 5.2 A geographical segment is a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in providing products or services within a particular economic environment and that is subject to risks and...
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