Sociology and Multiculturalism

Topics: Sociology, Multiculturalism, Australia Pages: 5 (1276 words) Published: September 25, 2013

With the rapid development of globalization, immigration has become a common trend in modern society. It makes a great impact on numerous areas such as politics, economy, values and employment. Accordingly, multiculturalism has become a controversial issue in this modern era. Some who favor multiculturalism advocate§s that it influences society positively, while others who hold the opposite view maintain that multiculturalism leads to conflicts such as increasing crime rate, racial tension and lose of identity. Despite this divide, it is a fact that multiculturalism helps to create a harmonious society. This essay will elucidate this viewpoint by exploring three main areas which are politics and economy and social cohesion.

First of all, a significant benefit of multiculturalism is political stability. In multicultural countries, immigration is an important part of population composition. In consideration of immigration’s rights, the government has established policy to keep the social security and stability. For instance, Birrell and Betts (2001) state that Australian government and educated Australians support the policy of the multiculturalism. Another example is Canada. Canada is the first country to present multiculturalism policy. The policy of effective immigration enhances the development of Canada’s society. Siddiqui (2009) claims that Canada has established a specific law to protect and respect the rights of people from different races, religion and languages. He also adds that the 1988 Multiculturalism Act presents ‘multiculturalism reflects the cultural and racial diversity of Canadian society and acknowledges the freedom of all members of heritage’ (Siddiqui 2009, p.11). While this is true, some people argue that multiculturalism has a negative impact on politics. For example, unlike Australian government supports the policy of immigration, Western Europe government refuses to accept immigration due to ‘worries about the ways migrants were allegedly reshaping the social fabric of their society and about related national identity issue’ (Birrell & Betts 2001, p4). Furthermore, they maintain that recently a series of incidents are allegedly committed by criminal ethnic gangs, and these developments have engaged public scare that multiculturalism are turning Australia into a battery of of communities divided on ethnic lines. Admittedly, this may be so; however, if the government guarantees migrants’ political rights and creates a safe political environment for them, they can feel safe as well as a feeling of belonging, the social unrest element will be reduced. A typical example is Montreal in Canada, the government has been looking for ways to improve voting system experiencing the multiculturalism (Ruble 2006). It means that the government intends to create the self-improvement and the development of the political system. He also concludes that although multicultural cities have some obvious disadvantage in aspect of politics, the enormous cultural diversity supplies the basis for successful policy for modern society. Therefore, it is clear that political stability can contribute to a harmonious society.

1 The second positive aspect of multiculturalism is economic prosperity. In typical countries of immigrants, such as Australia and Canada, the development of economy is important element to be considered into immigration policy. For example, Australia is rich in resource but sparsely populated. The economic development of Australia requires a large number of talents§ with special skills, high skill. In addition, it is reported that most immigrations have high-level of education. Consequently, immigration is beneficial to Australia’s development of economy. Moreover, cultural diversity can inject a different vitality into the development of economy. It is beneficial for the development of economy. Even though this is true, some people may argue that immigration will bring a negative...
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