UNIT HSC 2028
Move and position individuals in accordance with their care plan.
1.1 Anatomy: The physical structure of the body.
Physiology: The normal functions of the body.
When moving and positioning an individual it is important to ensure they are not moved more than their body is capable of, as muscles can only move bones at the joint as far as the joint allows. It is also important to move and handle correctly to ensure nerve fibres are not damaged as they are delicate structures and also important as they send impulses to muscles which enables the muscles to contract and relax. When an individual is moved and positioned it is important this happens smoothly. Sudden movements or pulling in any direction of an individual’s limbs or body can cause pulled muscles or tear tendons which can cause a lot of pain.
1.2 Working with individuals with different conditions affects the way in which we move and handle them correctly. Dementia
People suffering with dementia who is confused might not understand what we are saying and when we are supporting them to move so we have to show the individual by our actions and take time to do this. Arthritis
Individuals with arthritis have to be supported to move gently as they may be in a lot of pain and positioning or moving may be uncomfortable. Stroke
An individual that has had a stroke might have one arm or leg stronger than the other so this needs to be taken into account when weight bearing or moving so as to avoid putting pressure on the weak side. Parkinson’s disease
People suffering from Parkinson’s may suffer limb rigidity that can affect normal moving and positioning. So when moving an individual it is important not to force the rigid limb further than it is able to, as this could cause pain or discomfort as well as damage the joint. It is also important to give an individual with Parkinson’s time to move and not to rush them as they have slower reaction times. They may not be able to say that they are in pain so it is important to read their body language and look for non-verbal signs. Cerebral Palsy
People who suffer from cerebral palsy may have contracted muscles or joints causing a fixed rigid limb. As care staff we need to be aware of the needs of people who suffer from cerebral palsy and ensure that effective communication skills are used when assisting people to move or reposition. 2.1
Every time we as care workers move or support moving somebody we are manual handling that person. Unsafe moving and handling can result in an injury to ourselves or the individual. To reduce the risk of injury to care workers and people being supported, legislation is in place to protect people. The Health and Safety at work Act 1974 makes it a legal requirement for employers to ensure the health, safety and welfare of all their employees. Employees have a duty to take reasonable care or health, safety and welfare of themselves and others. The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (amended 2002) impose duties on employers, self-employed people and employees. They state employers must avoid all hazardous manual handling in the workplace. If you are assisting an individual to move it is joint responsibility of yourself and your employer to make ensure your own and the person being assisted safety. The HSE provides guidance about the weights that can be safely lifted but these are based on objects rather than people that can object, protest and fidget. Working within these guidelines will cut the risk of injury. Our own workplace also has policies and procedure’s which affect the way in which we move and handle people, in each person’s care plan and daily record file it shows how many carers an individual needs to move them correctly and safely as well as listing what equipment needs to be used for example stand aid or hoist. It is your responsibility to read these workplace policies and procedures and to ensure you follow them. 2.2
Health and safety factors that need...
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